The principal perpetrator in the progression of gum disease is bacterial plaque, a biofilm of bacteria that develops on surfaces within the mouth. Plaque builds up after every meal, and can be mechanically removed by daily toothbrushing and flossing. However, when plaque is left on tooth surfaces for long enough, it starts to irritate the gums and cause gum inflammation. When plaque hardens into tartar (also known as calculus), it becomes very difficult to brush off. This further worsens gum disease.
Host factors such as general illnesses, medications or smoking can also have negative effects on gum health. Inadequate brushing techniques or lack of flossing can further exacerbate gum inflammation.
Gum diseases do not heal on their own and only worsen over time. The main focus of gum disease treatment at The Smile Place is to remove plaque thoroughly so that your gums have a chance to heal instead of being inflamed all the time. Periodontal therapy aims to reduce oral bacteria and usually involves regular dental cleans together with adequate oral hygiene home care.
Certain lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, reducing your stress and maintaining a balanced diet can help your body repair damaged tissue and reduce the severity of your gum diseases.